Selim III was probably the most modern sultan of the
Ottomans. His army Nizam-i Cedid reveals his attitude about the reformation of the empire.
However, many statesmen and soldiers were planing to abolish the Nizam-i Cedid by inciting
Opponents of Nizam-i Cedid led by Kabakci Mustafa
revolted and killed Raif Mahmud. The Ottoman Government decided to make assembly and
decide their policy about this revolt. But Grand Vizier Kose Musa Pasha claimed that the
revolt was an insignificant event. Consequently, the rebels gained power.
Sultan Selim III as being so late for the repression of
the revolt had to have abolished the new corps. But, the rebels continued their actions
and wanted to depose the sultan and his 11 statesmen. Eventually, Sultan Selim said, “it
is better to leave the Caliphate rather than to be the Caliph of such a rebellious
nation” and left the throne (29th May 1807).
Selim lived in palace for one more year, and died during Alemdar Mustafa Pasha’s
revolt to enthrone him again. Although his reform movements were interrupted he succeeded
to base a modern state. He introduced a modern military system and he established