Sultan Murad III was born in Manisa, on 4th of July 1546. He was the
son of Sultan Selim II and Afife Nur Banu Sultana who was Venetian originated.
He was a gracious ruler, he had spoken Arabic and Persian
fluently. After, his father ascended he was appointed as the governor of Manisa. He took lessons from the famous scholars of Manisa. He was one of the most intelligent
sultans of the empire. After, his father’s death he went to Istanbul and ascended the throne on 22nd
December 1574. Like his father, he left the administration to Sokollu Mehmed Pasha.
Sultan Murad III led a life of pleasures, he never left Istanbul during
his reign and he was very much influenced by the women in the palace. The woman dynasty
emerged in his period continued in the following years. The mothers and wives of the
sultans began to dominate the empire. He ascended the throne at the age of 29 and reigned for nearly 21
years. He died because of apoplexy on 15th January 1595.
With Sokollu Mehmed Pasha’s successful administrations,
the Ottomans gained power. The territories extended to 19.902.000 km square. The relations
with protestant Britain had been improved against a Catholic unity led by the Pope,
and, later Holland joined the Ottoman-Britain alliance. First British capitulation
was given and Britain sent a permanent ambassador to Istanbul.
Sons: Mehmed III, Selim Bayezid, Mustafa, Osman,
Cihangir, Abdullah, Abdurrahman, Abdullah, Hasan, Ahmed, Yakub, Alemsah, Yusuf, Huseyin,
Korkud, Ali, Ishak, Omer, Alauddin, Davud.
Daughters: Ayse, Fatma, Mihrimah, Fahriye.