Yavuz Sultan Selim was born on 10th October 1470. His father was
Sultan Bayezid II and his mother was Gulbahar Sultana from Dulkadirogullarý State. Selim I
was a tall and a strong man. He was a very brave soldier and naturally tough. He was very
well educated. Selim was very much interested in science and theology beside the
governmental issues. He attended the lessons of famous scholar Mevlana Abdulhalim.
During the sultanate of his father Bayezid II, Selim was
appointed as the Governor of Trabizon (The Black Sea Region of Anatolia). He learnt the
administrative regulations and the military system of the Empire there. He ruled the region very
successfully. He improved the Ottoman relations with the
neighbourhood states. He organised three campaigns to Georgia against their continuos anti-Ottoman propagandas. With these successful campaigns
Selim invaded Kars, Erzurum, Artvin (1508). All the Georgians living in
those regions converted to Islam.
Selim was a brilliant rider and a successful fencer. He was very
good at wrestling and archery too. He had a military spirit but he was fond of arts as
well. He was very modest; for example; he was used to eat only one sort of food from a
wooden plate, in every meal.
He never liked vanity, never spent the Empire’s money. During
his reign, the treasury was completely full. He sealed the treasury and bequeathed as
“If any of my successors could fill the treasury as much as I
did, would use his own seal, otherwise they all will use my seal”.
This will was kept by Selim’s successors, as none of the Sultans
came after him, could have been filled the treasury as much as he did, his seal was used
to lock the treasury for centuries.
Although his ancestors were all bearded, he always
shaved his beard. He also had an earring.
He died on 22th September 1520 because of cancer. He was just
fifty years old. The historians agreed on that, he had short but a very brilliant career.
His sons: Suleyman (the Magnificent)
His daughters: Hatice Sultan, Fatma Sultan, Hafsa Sultan,