Mehmet the Conqueror was a great statesman and during his reign the Ottoman lands entered a period of urban revival. In this period, 300 mosques, 57 universities (medrese), 59 baths, 29 covered markets (bedesten), many palaces, fortresses, castles, inns and bridges were constructed. In Istanbul, he transformed 8 churches in to mosques, one of them is famous Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya).

In 1470 the construction of Fatih Kulliyesi (University) was finished. Eyup Camii and Fatih Camii are the important mosques built in this period as well.

Famous Kapali Carsi (Covered Market) was built and became an important trade centre. The Topkapi Palace was built in Sultan Mehmetís reign as well.